This caravansary, where is the oldest caravansary of Hamedan Province is dedicated to the Qajar era, but some part of it remains from the Safavid era. This caravanserai has flourished in the past due to its location next to the Hamedan Traditional Bazaar and it was the business center of nearby provinces such as Zanjan, Kurdistan, and Kermanshah.
These ancient inscriptions located at the begging of the Abbas Abad Valley and at the beginning of the Hamedan Road to Tuyserkan County, beside Ganjnameh Waterfall. This waterfall located 8 kilometers of the southeast of Hamedan Province and it's about 12 meters in height.
Mishan Plain or Mishan Square is an area of one hectare and at an altitude of 2600 meters above sea level. To go there, you must be patient since you have an intermediate climb ahead of you. Do not forget to bring your climbing equipment as may be needed. If you are not much of a climber, you can use the cable car to reach your destination and add more excitement to your journey. As you begin your journey to the summit of Alvand and the Mishan Plain, the further you go, the more beautiful the view behind you, and the wider the field of view. Along the way, with just a glance at the scenery behind you, you will forget your tiredness much faster than you thought and your desire to reach Mishan Plain will increase more and more.
Jameh Mosque of Hamedan is one of the oldest mosques in the city. Based on the architectural specifications and some inscriptions found in the mosque, it seems that the building belongs to the Qajar period. The construction’s date, 1837 AD, is written on the front Iwan which coincides with the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar. But some older documents tell another story. In those sources, the mosque is listed as one of the Islamic Golden Age projects. The terms “Jameh Mosque” or “Masjed-e Jameh” are used in Iran for a grand communal mosque where mandatory Friday prayers are performed; the phrase is used in other Muslim countries but only in Iran does it designate this purpose.
Bazaar has been one of the most influential pillars of cities’ social evolutions and political and economic developments in all periods. It was the bazaar that, as the most important urban joint, brought together the people from different neighborhoods and different races, and became a manifestation of unity and integrity of the people of the city. Hamedan Bazaar has been of special economic and geographical importance due to its location on one of the main branches of the Silk Road, the communication routes of western cities, and religious places which attract a large number of pilgrims every year. It is mostly known as the country’s “Anbar” (literally: store), because of the many commercial stores in the area.
Alvand peak is 3450 m in height and has a cat-shaped cliff. Unlike what others might think, Alvand peak is not the tallest peak in this mountain range; Yakhchal peak with an altitude of 3580 m is the highest peak in Alvand mountain range. The area of Alvand Mountain is like a natural wall that protects the city of Hamedan. Geologists consider Alvand to be the largest granitic effect left from the fourth geological period, which was created by the infiltration of igneous masses. This mountain was included in the natural heritage list by the Heritage Organization of Iran and is also one of the protected environmental areas.
Abbas Abad Hill is a great tourist spot in Hamedan Province, especially in summer; where you have access to lots of facilities to enjoy your time. Outdoor cinema, skating rink, restaurant, coffee shop, mosque, and public parking are beautifully designed in this area.
The aquarium cave is inspired by Ali Sadr Cave and was built in 2011 by a group of Iranian and foreign engineers. Their purpose was to create a recreational place to attract more and more visitors and tourists and provide an environment for research and educational improvements. It holds a collection of aquatic animals including various fish, stingray, starfish, etc. as well as reptiles collected from all around the world. No need to mention that it’s the biggest artificial cave in the whole country.
Baba Taher was among the great poets in Iran. He was born in 1000 AD and lived his mysterious life in Hamedan and died there. "Baba", was his most famous title and it means preceptor, and "Oryan" the second title refers to avoiding secular interests.
The structures of Hamedan City are related to Deioces (Diakou) the first king of the Medes, according to the poet ‘Ferdowsi’, about (700 BC). According to the records of Herodotus, a Greek historian, this territory was called 'Ekbatan' and 'Hegmataneh' by this monarch. Cyrus the Great, in 550 BC, defeated the last king of Medes and chose this city as his summer residence. After the end of the Median tribe, although Hamedan lost its centrality, it was still considered as one of the three Achaemenid capitals. The existence of “Ganjnameh” inscriptions, the remains of the stone columns of the Achaemenid palaces, and the golden and silver tablets obtained from Hamedan indicate the importance of this region in the Achaemenid period.
Jews, at least in Iran, have always worship Esther and Mordechai like prophets and believed they were the saviors of the Jewish community. Esther (meaning star) was the Jewish queen of Ahasuerus, the king of Persia, and the daughter of Mordechai’s uncle. She was very beautiful, brave, and intelligent. Therefore, when the king’s chief advisor, Haman, tried to convince the king to order the mass murder of Jews, jealous of the growing influence of Jews in the court of the king, Esther and her cousin, Mordechai, foiled the plan and gained the Jews rights to kill their enemies.
The Qaleh Bath is located in Qaleh (ghashogh tarashan) district is located at Shariati Street, one of the most ancient districts of Hamedan Province, Iran.
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