Not many people knew Noushijan Castle until 1963 that a British team searched and excavated the castle for 14 years. During the excavation, many works belonging to the Medes, Achaemenid, and Parthians were found. A fortress fence and two fire temples indicate the political, religious, and military functions of this castle in the Median period. in later periods, the existing construction had been used as a platform and subsequent buildings were created on it so that the building related to the Medes remained even up to a height of 8 meters and does not need any special reconstruction.
This complex belongs to the Qajar dynasty is located in Boroujerdi Street, Malayer County, Hamedan Province, Iran.
The story of the discovery of this castle is that in the early Pahlavi period a farmer found a large piece of ruby while plowing his land. The ruler of the region sent it to the government. The beauty of the ruby attracted the attention of Reza Shah so he sent Teymourtash to that area for further research. Teymourtash didn’t find anything and closed the case. All was forgotten until Dr. Jafari gets interested in this subject in the 1960s. after extensive researches, sent the ruby to the United States for examination. Americans found an inscription on it and concluded that this ruby belonged to "Bahram Gor” who hung it on his horse's neck. Most likely, the village of Gourab is the hunting ground to where Bahram Gor went and never returned.
This pond with an area of 85 hectares represents one of the many natural beauties of Hamedan. Ever since 2011, it was included in the no-hunt zones due to its environmental values and rich species. The bird species in this area include Crane, Pelican, and Coot. Also, some other birds that stop in this Talab while migrating from African countries include Flamingo, Great Egret, Tern, little and big Grebe, Harrier, Glareolidae, and Stilt. In the spring, Abshineh Lagoon is full of birds; on the other hand in autumn and late October, the presence of flocks of birds in this place promises that the winter is coming.
Ancient anouj castle located at the 35 kilometer of the southwest of the Malayer country in Hamedan province. The Castle is built on a high hill in a village which has the same name in Sefidkooh district.
The structures of Hamedan City are related to Deioces (Diakou) the first king of the Medes, according to the poet ‘Ferdowsi’, about (700 BC). According to the records of Herodotus, a Greek historian, this territory was called 'Ekbatan' and 'Hegmataneh' by this monarch. Cyrus the Great, in 550 BC, defeated the last king of Medes and chose this city as his summer residence. After the end of the Median tribe, although Hamedan lost its centrality, it was still considered as one of the three Achaemenid capitals. The existence of “Ganjnameh” inscriptions, the remains of the stone columns of the Achaemenid palaces, and the golden and silver tablets obtained from Hamedan indicate the importance of this region in the Achaemenid period.
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