Hegmataneh Hill

Hegmataneh Hill

Hegmataneh Hill

capital of the first kingdom in Iran

This ancient hill is 3,000 years old and with an area of about 35 hectares, is the largest ancient hill in Iran. According to some evidence, the city was more than 40 hectares and was found by Aryan people in the late 8th century BC, who made it the first capital of Persian empire. Based on Herodotus's writings, an ancient Greek historian, Deioces (also Diako or Dia-oku), first shah of Median government, built the whole city surrounded by seven walls; each of which colored as one of the planets. After Medes, this city was the capital of Achaemenids as well.

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