Safavid Royal Complex A collection of Safavid palaces and gardens
Duration Of Visit
0/5 To 1 Hour
Best Seasons To Visit
Sepah Street, Qazvin, Qazvin Province, Iran
Time To Read: 6 Minutes
Also known as
- Saadat Abad
- Tahmasbi Castle
- Sharbani (police center)
- Cultural Garden
Geographical location of Safavid Royal Complex
The Safavid royal Complex is located in the center of Qazvin and consists of Ali Qapu and Chehelstoun Palace. Azadi Square (Sabze-Meidan) in the north, Peyghambarieh Street in the west, Sepah street in the south and Helal Ahmar (Red Crescent) the east of the complex provide access to Tahmasbi castle. S’ad al saltaneh caravansarai, Jame mosque and Sepah street are the landmarks around it.
History and culture of Safavid Royal Complex
Shah Tahmasb Safavi decided to move the capital from Tabriz to Qazvin in 951 AH duo to the threat of Ottoman Turks. This unique monument was built under the commend of Shah Tahmasb Safavi. When Qazvin took its turn as Iran’s capital, Shah Tahmasb ordered the country’s professional architects to execute a square garden that it’s been called Safavid garden over time.
He ordered aristocrats to build houses on both sides of the street and he called the area Jafar Abad, known as Bob Janet. Chehelsotun Palace was built in 1510 A.D under the commend of Shah Tahmasb Safavi in this garden.
The main area of the garden has 7 entrances, with the most important one left, Ali Qapu. Ali Qapu was the main gate to the south, which opened to Shah Street and Square (meydan) and it’s the only entrance from this collection is now left in memory.
The building was first erected during the reign of Shah Tahmasb and was transformed into the present during the reign of Shah Abbas I.
Generally, the complex is composed of several buildings that most of them have been demolished and some of them are currently under repair.
Architecture of Safavid Royal Complex
The Safavid Government was a collection of Safavid palaces and gardens with seven entrances. The complex is now 85,000 square meters.
The complex was a kind of Safavid government built in two floors. The second floor was the status of women's sculptor, and the first floor was the status of government. As you see today, ceramic tile, Gibson hand works and beautiful art work on the wood can be seen at Ali Qapu. The main area of the garden has 7 entrances, with the most important one left named Ali Qapu.
Chehelstoun Palace is the only surviving palace of this complex from the Safavid period. Peyghambarieh Prophetic shrine and school, Ivan Naderi entrance and remaining Safavid elements in the form of arches courtyard, known as the Zurkhaneh, are among the remains of the Safavid period.
The city of Qazvin became important in the Safavid dynasty due to the Silk Road and the geographical and political conditions of the time, and for a while it gained the title of the capital of the Safavids, which led to the erection of magnificent monuments and palaces in the city. The Safavid royal complex is one such.
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