Gourab Castle an ancient water grave!
Duration Of Visit
1 To 3 Hours
Best Seasons To Visit
Gourab village, east of Malayer-Arak Hwy, Malayer city, Hamadan Province, Iran.
Time To Read: 6 Minutes
Also known as
- Gourab Hill
- Gourab Fortress
- Tappe Gourab
- Jurab Castle
- Jurab Dezh
- Gourab Village
- Gourab Citadel
Geographical location of Gourab Castle
Gourab Fortress is located in Gourab village, east of Malayer-Arak Highway, one of the villages of Malayer city in Hamadan province. It has an important part in Iran's history and identity.
History and culture of Gourab Castle
This area was called Gourab (literally water grave) because in the past all the waters and floods of the surrounding areas would flow all the way to Gourab Village and after a while, penetrated into the ground. Gourab means a land into where water sinks.
According to archeological studies conducted in 2006, carbon 14 experimented on the organic matter in the castle, the age of the layers was determined. The first layer belongs to the fifth millennium BC, the second layer belongs to the sixth and seventh millennium BC, and the third layer dates back to the Bronze Age. There are also some relicts found in the castle that belong to Acheamenid, Parthian, Sassanid, and Islamic Periods.
The oldest book in which the name of Gourab is mentioned in the collection of "Weis and Ramin (Vis o Ramin)" by the poet "Fakhreddin Asaad Gourgani". It’s a romantic story composed in the Parthian-Sassanid era.
The story of the discovery of this castle is that in the early Pahlavi period a farmer found a large piece of ruby gem in Gourab Village while plowing his land. The farmer tried to hide the ruby for himself but failed. The ruler of the region sent it to the central government. The beauty of the ruby attracted the attention of Reza Shah so he sent Teymourtash, first Minister of Pahlavi Court, to that area for further research. Teymourtash didn’t find anything after the search and closed the case. All was forgotten until Dr. Nersy Jafari, an archaeologist and sociologist from Malayer City, gets interested in this subject in the 1960s. Dr. Jafari and his colleagues, after extensive researches, sent the ruby to the United States for examination. Americans found an inscription on it and concluded that this ruby belonged to "Bahram Gor”, Sassanid king, who hung it on his horse's neck. The research suggests that the place probably had a swampy and wooded area about 2,000 years ago, which was a good place for wild animals such as zebras and boars to live, and that this is probably why Bahram V moved to the area; for hunt. Most likely, the village of Gourab is the hunting ground to where Bahram Gor went and never returned.
Tips and ideas
If you enjoy nature-tourism and you are planning to travel to Malayer, be sure to visit Gourab Fortress, Aq Gol pond, and Lashgardar Protected Area. Another recreational place that has been built for the people of Malayer with the same use a long time ago is Seifieh Garden, which welcomes you with its clean atmosphere. Nevertheless, if you are also interested in historical monuments, visit the beautiful Bazaar of Malayer and the Lotfalian House.
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