Tomb Of Bu Ali Sina
Duration Of Visit
0.5 To 1 Hour
Best Seasons To Visit
West side of Bu Ali Street, Hamedan, Hamedan Province, Iran
Time To Read: 12 Minutes
Also Known as
- Hamedan Bo Ali Square
- Bu Ali Sina Museum
- Tomb Of Sheikh Al-Rais
- Tomb Of Ibn Sina
Geographical location of Tomb Of Bu Ali Sina
The tomb of Bu Ali Sina is located on the west side of Bu Ali Street in the city of Hamadan. This tomb is located in the middle of the square of the same name in Hamedan.
History and Culture of Tomb Of Bu Ali Sina
Ibn Sina was born in 359 AH in Bukhara and died in 416 in Hamedan. He is a physician, poet, philosopher and great scientist of Iran.
More than 130 books of Ibn Sina are left. He is also credited with more than 100 books. Most of these books are written in Arabic and about 20 of his books are in Persian. Among his most famous books are 18 volumes of Healing, Law in Medicine in 18 volumes, a 10-volume collection of Arabic Language and Justice in 20 volumes.
This place was once the home of Abu Sa'id Dakhduk; He was a friend of Ibn Sina and is still buried next to him. This place was located next to the city at that time and until the end of the thirteenth century AH, the architecture of the building was like a small quadrangle as a tomb on the tomb of the two
The original building of the tomb of Abu Ali Sina was built during the Qajar period and the new tomb was built by the National Monuments Association of Iran in the occasion of the thousandth anniversary of the birth of this great scientist by the order of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and was inaugurated in 1333
The initial plan of this building to put up with competition between engineers and graduates of architecture in June 1324 by the National Works Association, and with the opinion of Andre Godard and Engineer Foroughi, the proposal of engineer Houshang Seyhoun was accepted. In the middle of 1326, the association decided to implement the plan. The following year, Houshang Seyhoun submitted a proposal as a dissertation to the Faculty of Fine Arts in Paris, and in early 1328, the construction of this tomb began
Architecture of Tomb Of Bu Ali Sina
Map of the tomb based on the oldest historic building in Islam in Iran; That is, the Qaboos dome (in Golestan province), which is considered as one of the architectural masterpieces, that has been erected. The only apparent difference between this building and the Qaboos Dome is that the Qaboos Dome has 10 cracks but the tomb of Bu Ali Sina has 12 cracks. The existence of 12 pillars indicates the 12 disciplines of knowledge that Ibn Sina surrounded. The space between the columns in the dome of Ibn Sina is open and closed in the dome of Qaboos. Due to local location and limited space of the tomb and to save costs, the tomb of Bu Ali Sina with half the dimensions of the Qaboos dome was considered.
The building has 10 columns carved from thorn stone, and each of these columns is a diagram of the passage of a century from the birth of Bu Ali Sina to our time and the number of sciences that she has mastered.
The height of each pillar of the tower from the lower floor of the tomb to under the dome is about 23 meters. The width of each pedestal is 17.1 meters at the bottom and 92 cm at the top. Its conical dome is about 6 meters high. The height of the main room of the tomb is 10.6 and the total height of the building is more than 28 meters.
Among the 12 pillars of the tower, there is an integrated marble slab that is 55.2 meters long and over one meter wide and has inscriptions in the third line written on it.
At the top of the inner walls of the square area of the tomb, there are twenty verses of the famous ode, which is considered one of the literary works of Ibn Sina in wisdom and philosophy, and the sage, in eloquence and rhetoric about the various stages of the human soul and its relationship with The physical world is composed, written on 40 marble tablets, each 1/1 meter long and 0.5 meters wide, in embossed third line.
In 1328, a picture of Bu Ali Sina was drawn by Master Abolhassan Sedighi, based on which a full-length standing statue was made of white marble, with more than 3 meters height, a width of 90 centimeters and a weight of 4.5 tons. Installed on the east side of the square. In the base part of the statue, on a stone tablet, verses are written in Nasta'liq script
Elements of traditional Iranian architecture have been used in the design of this collection. Elements such as towers; Inspired by the Qaboos Dome Tower, Gardens; Affected by Persian gardens, fountains; Inspired by the pond of traditional houses and the view with the surface of large and rough stones of Khara, which is decorated with granite stone of Alvand mountain and is a diagram of ancient Iranian palaces.
Complementing this building is a semicircular garden, with a beautiful green space that as one of the central squares of this province, is always full of enthusiastic and warm-hearted population of Hamedan.
Tips and Ideas
Visiting the tomb of this precious sage is never without grace. But on Bu Ali Sina's birthday which is known as Doctor's Day, in addition to being free to visit this building due to the medical oath ceremony of medical students of Bu Ali Sina University in front of the tomb of this great physician in this square, a special atmosphere prevails.
A little lower, is the tomb of Sharif Al-Molk Mosque, which is one of the nationally registered monuments of Hamedan. Ghorban brick tower is located a few minutes east and Naraghi beautiful house with its sad history is located in the west of this complex. But if you go a little to the north and reach Imma Square in Hamedan, you will have access to almost the largest number of historical monuments in Hamedan. Using the map below, you can see the nearest tourist attractions around the tomb of Bu Ali Sina, which are 15 minutes walk from it and plan for your sightseeing.
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