Haj Kazem Cistern
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Tabriz Street, Qazvin, Qazvin Province, Iran
Time To Read: 6 Minutes
Geographical location of Haj Kazem Cistern
Haj Kazem Cistern is located in Tabriz Street in Qazvin.
History and culture of Haj Kazem Cistern
In the past, there were more than 133 public water reservoirs in Qazvin's city. In addition, most households in Qazvin have had domestic water supply due to water scarcity. There was also a public water reservoir established in each neighborhood to supply the water needed for the population and to store the water consumed. The Haj Kazem water reservoir, built by Haj Kazem Koozegar along with his assistant Ismail in 1256, is one of the most beautiful and intact reservoirs in Qazvin province.
The Haj Kazem reservoir has been registered with the National Register No.933 and is one of the monuments of the Iranian National Cultural Heritage.
Architecture of Haj Kazem Cistern
The facade of the building is decorated with tiles, formal arches and stone inscriptions, and two windmills with a height of eight meters on either side, are one of the reasons for its beauty. The inner walls are the Saroji reservoir, and one of the water taps that has survived. Like other cisterns, this cove consists of three lounge spaces, a pathway entrance or a lane, and a reservoir. The water from the aqueduct was supplied from the aqueduct, and the culvert, or staircase, led to Pasir, which was used to collect water from the reservoir, which was one of the main parts of the reservoir. The responsibility for the water was carried out by a person named "Mirab" who entered through a special valve and had no access to the water except Mirab. Because no one had access to the tank, they guided the water through the clay pipes used as a spiral into the wall. Along the rampart and stairs, there was a water tap, and everyone picked water as needed. At the bottom of the staircase, cooler water was used, and lime or rock salt bags suspended in water to purify the water. Occasionally, the ash powder was used to purify the water and was sprayed on the surface of the water and heavily adhered to the bottom of the water to remove impurities around it. Usually, once a year during the winter, the bottom of the reservoirs was dredged and allowed the water inside the reservoir to reach the lowest possible level. They had been locked in the water for some time and used the water inside the tank, and when the volume of water reached a certain level, they realized that the dredging time had come. The Mirab Khazem water storage valve was embedded in a hollow cavity, and the dredging in Qazvin's so-called "drilling" was carried out there. Mirab, with the help of locals, and the rope and mudguards, sucked in the sediment reservoir and sent out with the help of rubber bins, so-called Aquarius. Finally, the floor was washed and again the water inlet was opened and dewatered.
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